p.n.e.) J.-C.1 est une bataille-clé de la deuxième guerre punique et oppose les troupes romaines du consul Flaminius à l'armée carthaginoise commandée par Hannibal Barca, qui prend ses adversaires dans une embuscade et leur inflige une sévère défaite. , His cavalry and Gallic infantry were concealed in the hills in the depth of the wooded valley from which the Romans would first enter, so that they could quickly sally out and close the entrance, blocking the Roman route of retreat.  Polybius reports losses of 1,500 killed for Hannibal, most of them Gauls, while Livy gives 2,500 killed and “many” who died of their wounds. Product code: AT804 Gaius Flaminius at Battle of Lake Trasimene Incompetence isn’t a word we normally associate with the armies of republican Rome, armies led by such greats as Marius, Pompey and Caesar. Caius Flaminius Nepos (ur. " The ambush and destruction of one army by another is widely considered a unique occurrence, with military historian Theodore Dodge commenting, "It is the only instance in history of lying in ambush with the whole of a large army. Polybius wrote that Hannibal calculated that he could draw out Flaminius into battle and that “no sooner had he left the neighborhood of Faesulae, and, advancing a short way beyond the Roman camp, made a raid upon the neighbouring country, then Flaminius became excited, and enraged at the idea that he was despised by the enemy: and as the devastation of the country went on, and he saw from the smoke that rose in every direction that the work of destruction was proceeding, he could not patiently endure the sight.” At the same time, Hannibal tried to sever the allegiance of Rome’s allies, by proving that the Republic was powerless to protect them. In his tribuneship (232) he sponsored an agrarian law for the benefit of the … An introduction to the near-space concept. Punica – scénario 2 : Lac Trasimène – 217 av.  The fugitives and many of the impromptu Roman groups were rapidly cut down or captured. [note 8] Most of the Carthaginian infantry would fight in a tightly packed formation known as a phalanx, usually forming two or three lines.  About 6,000 Romans escaped, under the cover of fog, only to be captured by Maharbal the following day. La bataille du lac Trasimène du 21 juin 217 av. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! ... (44 of 211 words) en .wikipedia .org /wiki /Gaius Flaminius Below the camp, he placed his heavy infantry (Iberians and Africans) upon a slight elevation. When an army led by Consul Flaminius pursued Hannibal through Italy in 217 BC, Flaminius was in such a rush to catch the invaders that he failed to set up proper reconnaissance. Ducarios décapite le consul romain Caius Flaminius Nepos, lors de la bataille de Trasimène en 217 av. To the north of the road were a range of low hills which came closer to the lake towards the east, and the defile, steadily reducing the open ground between them and the lake. Gaius Flaminius C. f. L. n. was a leading Roman politician in the third century BC. Most of the Roman units then collapsed and most Romans were killed or captured by the Carthaginians, but 10,000 under Sempronius maintained formation and fought their way out to the safety of Placentia. The latter was under threat of recall from the Senate for leaving Rome without carrying out the proper rituals after being elected consul. Following Hannibal's crushing victory at the battle of the Trebbia, the reeling Roman Republic sent a new army under the over-confident consul Caius Flaminius to destroy the Carthaginian invaders – unbeknownst to him they were ready and waiting. Of the initial Roman force of about 30,000, about 15,000 were either killed in battle or drowned while trying to escape into the lake—including Flaminius himself, who was slain by the Gaul Ducarius.  In Polybius's account there were only minor operations during the winter and most of the surviving Romans were evacuated down the Po and assigned to one of the two new armies being formed, while the flow of Gallic support for the Carthaginians became a flood and their army grew to 60,000. J.-C., il est préfet et commande les forces terrestres romaines. Roman consul for 187 BC, together with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. . Voir et Entendre > ALÉSIA. The ambush and destruction of one army by another is widely considered a unique occurrence. The army then marched south into Apulia, in the hope of winning over some of the ethnic Greek and Italic city states of southern Italy. Tribune of the people (232), censor (220), and consul (223 and 218). Gaius Flaminius C. f. L. n. (c. 275 BC – 217 BC) was a leading Roman politician in the third century BC. Il est situé sur une pente douce de collines boisées qui alternent champs de tournesols et de maïs, avec des vignobles et des oliveraies.  They met at the Battle of Zama in October 202 BC and Hannibal was decisively defeated. The new consuls were Gnaeus Servilius Geminus and Gaius Flaminius. Caius Flaminius Nepos (mort en 217 av. Consul Geminus had orders to protect the roads leading to Rome, and Consul Flaminius was ordered to protect the Apennine passes. Following Hannibal's crushing victory at the battle of the Trebbia, the reeling Roman Republic sent a new army under the over-confident consul Caius Flaminius to destroy the Carthaginian invaders - unbeknownst to him they were ready and waiting. The morning of June 21, the Roman troops marched eastward along the road running near the northern edge of the lake. Crossing the Alps Hannibal arrived in Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy) in autumn 218 BC. Originally published by Wikipedia, 10.25.2003, under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license. The Romans rushed reinforcements north from Sicily and the Carthaginians engaged and defeated the combined Roman army at the Battle of the Trebia. The Carthaginians crossed the mountains by a difficult but unguarded route and so surprised the Romans. Following Hannibal's crushing victory at the battle of the Trebbia, the reeling Roman Republic sent a new army under the over-confident consul Caius Flaminius to destroy the Carthaginian invaders – unbeknownst to him they were ready and waiting.  As a consequence Carthage agreed a peace treaty which stripped it of most of its territory and power.. The Romans had already withdrawn to their winter quarters and were astonished by Hannibal's appearance.  Fresh Carthaginian cavalry routed the outnumbered Roman cavalry, and Carthaginian light infantry outflanked the Roman infantry. noun Roman statesman and general who built the Flaminian Way; died when he was defeated by Hannibal (died 217 BC) • Syn: ↑Flaminius • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general, ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader This was clearly visible to the Romans. Flaminius, Caius kā´əs fləmĭn´ēəs, kī´əs , d. 217 BC, Roman statesman and general. Les trains qui font le parcours de Florence à Rome, bondés de voyageurs, défilent sans se lasser devant Castiglione del Lago.  The Roman army in Sicily under Sempronius Longus was redeployed to the north and joined with Scipio's force.  The Carthaginian cavalry isolated both Placentia and Cremona, but these could be supplied by boat up the Po.  A previously hidden Carthaginian force attacked the Roman infantry in the rear. A Rome, deux nouveaux consuls avaient été nommés : Cneius Servilius Germinus et Caius Flaminius, avec pour mission d'éradiquer le problème punique. Livy, however, claims the Carthaginians suffered from a shortage of food throughout the winter. Scipion, en Espagne, fermait à ses frères celle de la Gaule. Hannibal’s victory over the Roman army at Lake Trasimene remains, in terms of the number of men involved, the largest ambush in military history. 2) Fr. J.-C. J.-C. 217 av. JC sur les bords du lac de  The Carthaginians bypassed the Roman-garrisoned city of Cortona and on 20 June marched along the shore of Lake Trasimene. Part of the Second Punic War. Soldier Type We provide a full miniature production cycle from creation to a scratch to casting and painting. JC, Hannibal place ses troupes en embuscade sur les collines surplombant le lac Trasimène (Italie). Le 1 er endroit remarquable que l’on rencontre en Ombrie quand on quitte la Toscane est le lac Trasimène, rendu célèbre il y a très très longtemps (le 21 juin 217 av. guerrier impie qu’était Caius Flaminius, le vaincu de la bataille de Trasimène (2), l’écrivain latin enchaîne sur ceux qui se 1) J. BELLEMORE, When did Valerius Maximus write the Dicta et Facta Memorabilia, dans Antichton 23, 1989, p. 67 – 80, situe l’œuvre tout au début du règne du successeur d’Auguste. Also, the night before the battle commenced, Hannibal ordered his men to light campfires on the hills of Tuoro, at a considerable distance, so as to convince the Romans that his forces were further away than they actually were.. Flaminius remained passively encamped at Arretium. Battle of Trasimene, (June 217 bce), second major battle of the Second Punic War, in which the Carthaginian forces of Hannibal defeated the Roman army under Gaius Flaminius in central Italy. See the bottom of each page for copyright information.  Carthage gained silver mines, agricultural wealth, manpower, military facilities such as shipyards and territorial depth; which encouraged it to stand up to future Roman demands. Mais voilà que son successeur, Caius Flaminius Nepos, le héros du peuple, est à son tour vaincu près du lac Trasimène ! In 196 BC he was curule aedile. Trasimene synonyms, Trasimene pronunciation, Trasimene translation, English dictionary definition of Trasimene. p.n.e., zm. , According to Polybius, the Carthaginians were now recognised as the dominant force in Cisalpine Gaul and most of the Gallic tribes sent plentiful supplies and recruits to his camp. NEPOS (Caius Flaminius). Modern historians place the bulk of the large number of Carthaginian light infantry either around the defile and its mouth or as reinforcing the Gauls in the centre of the Carthaginian line. Hannibal was still the wrong side of the Appenines with only two possible routes into the Italian peninsular. , The shoreline has changed since, but at the time of the battle the road led along the north shore of the lake, then turned south, still along the lakeshore, before climbing away from the lake through a defile. SECONDE GUERRE MONDIALE. Des troupes envoyées en Sardaigne, en Sicile, à Tarente, des garnisons mises dans toutes les places fortes, et une flotte de 60 galères coupaient ses communications avec Carthage. In less than four hours, most of the Roman troops were killed. Eager for battle, Flaminius pushed his men hard and hurried up the column in the rear. The Carthaginians moved south into Etruria, plundering, razing the villages and small towns and killing all adult males encountered. , Hannibal arrived with 20,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry and an unknown number of elephants – the survivors of the 37 with which he left Iberia – in what Cisalpine Gaul (present Piedmont) in northern Italy.  Modern historians usually take into account the writings of various Roman annalists, some contemporary; the Sicilian Greek Diodorus Siculus; Plutarch; Appian; and Dio Cassius. The westernmost was attacked by the Carthaginian cavalry and forced into the lake, leaving the other two groups with no way to retreat. Plan .  The Treaty of Lutatius was signed by which Carthage evacuated Sicily and paid an indemnity of 3,200 talents[note 4] over ten years.  Subsequently the Carthaginians campaigned in southern Italy for a further 13 years. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Trasimène. Le lac de Trasimène. 1,200 talents was approximately 30,000 kg (30 long tons) of silver. News of the defeat caused a panic in Rome. Carthage victory. Flaminius veut se lancer à la poursuite de l’armée carthaginoise, afin de l’attaquer le plus vite possible. Définition de Flaminius Nepos (Caius), consul romain, vaincu et tué à Trasimène (217 av. , Most male Roman citizens were eligible for military service and would serve as infantry, a better-off minority providing a cavalry component. Enfant: Caius Flaminius. JC. Ce matin du 21 juin -217, Caius, à la tête de ses hommes, quitte son campement du Nord du lac Trasimène. , Once he learnt that he had been bypassed, Flaminius, the commander of the Roman army at Arrentium, set off in pursuit. To the north was a series of heavily forested hills where the Malpasso Road passed along the north side of Lake Trasimene. Le 21 juin est donné ici comme le jour anniversaire de la défaite, en 217 a.C., de l'armée romaine par Hannibal près du lac Trasimène : le consul Caius Flaminius avait méprisé tous les avertissements divins qui lui déconseillaient de livrer bataille. Approximately 1,200 of the infantry, poorer or younger men unable to afford the armour and equipment of a standard legionary, served as javelin-armed skirmishers, known as velites; they carried several javelins, which would be thrown from a distance, a short sword, and a 90 centimetres (3 ft) shield. This is not compatible with ancient accounts of the battle, and it is difficult to see how the whole army could have been enveloped under these circumstances. In his tribuneship (232) he sponsored an agrarian law for the benefit of the plebeians and, as praetor (227), governed Sicily successfully. BLAIVE, Impius Bellator. Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus was elected dictator by the Roman Assembly and adopted the “Fabian strategy” of avoiding pitched conflict, relying instead on low-level harassment to wear the invader down, until Rome could rebuild its military strength. Next year the Romans elected Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro as consuls. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.  In spite of their losses, the Romans fielded twenty two legions in 217 BC, ten more than in 218 BC.  Many of the Carthaginian infantry, especially the Libyans, equipped themselves with captured Roman armour. , Numidian cavalry lured Sempronius out of his camp and onto ground of Hannibal's choosing, where the Battle of the Trebia took place. [note 9] The Romans would have had a screen of light infantry out to their front and, to a lesser extent, their flank, as skirmishing was usual before a battle with the armies' respective light troops shielding their close order colleagues while they formed up. Marching blindly into the valley of Lake Trasimene, he was ambushed by Carthaginian forces hidden on the valley side.  He was soundly beaten and personally wounded. One was stationed at Arretium, and one on the Adriatic coast; they would be able to block Hannibal's possible advance into central Italy, and be well positioned to move north to operate in Cisalpine Gaul. , According to Basil Liddell Hart, Hannibal, emerging from another brilliant victory, had successfully planned and executed “the greatest ambush in history.” Similarly, historian Robert L. O’Connell also writes, “[It was] the only time an entire large army was effectively swallowed and destroyed by such a maneuver.”. The local tribe, the Taurini, were unwelcoming, so Hannibal promptly besieged their capital, (near the site of modern Turin) stormed it, massacred the population and seized the supplies there. For almost three hours the fighting went on; everywhere a desperate struggle was kept up, but it raged with greater fierceness round the consul.  After the battles of Ticinus and Trebia, Flaminius’ army turned south to prepare a defence near Rome itself. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. , Once it was dark, Hannibal sent the various components of his army on night marches behind the hills to the north of the lake to take up positions from which they could ambush the Roman army. Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus was elected dictator by the Roman Assembly and adopted the "Fabian strategy" of avoiding pitched conflict, relying instead on low-level harassment to wear the invader down, until Rome could rebuild its military strength. ok. 255 r.  Hannibal hoped some of these allies could be persuaded to defect. However, Hannibal disapproved and only applied this to the allied captives while selling the Romans into slavery. Hannibal then sent a small skirmish force to draw the vanguard away from the front of the line, in order to split the Roman forces. Le Lac de Trasimène.  His advisors suggested that he send only a cavalry detachment to harass the Carthaginians and prevent them from laying waste to any more of the country, while reserving his main force until the other consul, Servilius, arrived with his army. As it was, with the Carthaginians attacking unexpectedly from the flank and the rear, possibly with poor visibility, there was no chance to form even a rudimentary fighting line. Hannibal was left largely free to ravage Apulia for the next year, until the Romans ended the dictatorship and elected Paullus and Varro as consuls. Hannibal had arrived in Italy with 20,000 infantry and 6,000 cavalry, and had fought at the Trebia in December 218 BC with 31,000 and 11,000 respectively. Wikipédia en Français. Unable to goad Flaminius into battle, Hannibal marched boldly around his opponent’s left flank and effectively cut Flaminius off from Rome, providing the earliest record of a deliberate turning movement in military history. C’est ce qui s’est passé le 21 juin 217 av. , The second Roman army, originally positioned on the Adriatic coast and commanded by Gnaeus Geminus, had been marching west, intending to join up with Flaminius. The Battle of Lake Trasimene was fought when a Carthaginian force under Hannibal ambushed a Roman army commanded by Gaius Flaminius on 21 June 217 BC, during the Second Punic War.It took place on the north shore of Lake Trasimene, to the east of Cortona, and resulted in a heavy defeat for the Romans.The First Punic War between Carthage and Rome ended in 241 BC after 23 years. The Carthaginians continued their march through Etruria, then Umbria to the Adriatic coast; continuing their devastation and plundering of the territory they crossed and the killing of any adult males captured. The new consuls for 217 BC were Servilius Geminus and Caius Flaminius. J'ai à l'esprit celui sur la bataille de Zama, entre Hannibal et Scipion, celle du lac Trasimène entre ce même Hannibal et Caius Flaminius, et surtout, celle de Gaugamèles, entre Alexandre le Grand et Darius III. Il entra ensuite en Apulie.  Recognising the Carthaginians as the dominant force in Cisalpine Gaul, Gallic recruits flocked to them and their army grew to 60,000.  Hamilcar ruled as a viceroy and was succeeded by his son-in-law, Hasdrubal, in the early 220s BC and then his son, Hannibal, in 221 BC. Le 24 juin 217 av. Before that could happen, Hannibal lured Gaius Flaminius’ force into a pitched battle by devastating the area that Flaminius had been sent to protect. Sempronius returned to Rome and the Roman Senate resolved to elect new consuls the following year in 217 BC. The Carthaginians made camp where the hills were closest to the lake, near the defile. , Flaminius, eager to exact revenge for the devastation of the countryside and facing increasing political criticism from Rome, finally marched against Hannibal.  The modern historian Andrew Curry sees Polybius as being "fairly reliable"; while Craige Champion describes him as "a remarkably well-informed, industrious, and insightful historian". Here is shown … the clear conception of the enemy’s strategic flank, with all its advantages […] Nor by his maneuver had Hannibal recklessly cut himself loose from his base, though he was living on the country and independent of it, as it were; the fact is, that the complete integrity of his line of communication … was preserved. . Hannibal arranged an ambush on the north shore of Lake Trasimene and trapped the Romans; killing or capturing all 25,000 of them. Caius Flaminius Nepos ... Bataille du lac Trasimène. J.-C., lorsque, en dépit de l'opposition des membres du parti sénatorial, il réussit à faire voter une loi, la lex Flaminia de agro Gallico et Picenum viritim dividundo, qui prévoyait de diviser et de répartir individuellement (viritim) aux plébéiens les terres de l'ager Gallicus, dans la région de Rimini et du Picenum . NAPOLÉON Ier. Hannibal, however, was ready and waiting for Flaminius, having set a masterful ambush in the early morning mist.
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