From 2004 to 2007, Sarkozy was president of the Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP), France's major right-wing political party, and he was Minister of the Interior in the government of Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin, with the honorific title of Minister of State, making him effectively the number three official in the French State after President Jacques Chirac and Villepin. , He called for coercive methods to promote "métissage," cultural mixing (which can sometimes include genetic mixing), which he called an "obligation" during a press conference on 17 December 2008. Le prÃ©sident de la RÃ©publique, sur proposition du Premier ministre, par le dÃ©cret du "18 mai 2007 relatif Ã la composition du gouvernement" a fixÃ© les compÃ©tences des ministÃ¨res et a dÃ©signÃ© les nouveaux ministres,. Il fait face à la justice mardi pour des soupçons de financement occulte de … SecrÃ©taire d'Ãtat, chargÃ© de la Prospective et de l'Ãvaluation des politiques publiques : Haut-commissaire aux solidaritÃ©s actives contre la pauvretÃ© : Ministre de l'Immigration, de l'IntÃ©gration, de l'IdentitÃ© nationale et du CodÃ©veloppement : Ministre du Travail, des Relations sociales et de la SolidaritÃ© : Ministre de l'Enseignement supÃ©rieur et de la. Sarkozy also appointed seven women to form a total cabinet of 15; one, Justice Minister Rachida Dati, is the first woman of Northern African origin to serve in a French cabinet. , Former Daily Telegraph journalist Colin Randall has highlighted Sarkozy's tighter control of his image and frequent interventions in the media: "he censors a book, or fires the chief editor of a weekly. It is a portmanteau of hyper and president to insist on the desire of Sarkozy to control everything.  French magistrates later acquired diaries of former Libyan oil minister Shukri Ghanem in which payments to Sarkozy were mentioned. To focus on his campaign, Sarkozy stepped down as interior minister on 26 March.. Since his party was divided on the issue, Sarkozy stepped in and organised meetings between various parties involved. Hervé Morin est né le 17 août 1961 à Pont-Audemer dans l'Eure. The program, called 'Parafes', was to use fingerprints. After his defeat at the 2012 election, Nicolas Sarkozy asked his supporters to respect Hollande's victory. Â« La composition du gouvernement de FranÃ§ois Fillon Â», CommuniquÃ© de la PrÃ©sidence de la RÃ©publique concernant la nomination du Premier ministre, dÃ©cret du 18 mai 2007 relatif Ã la composition du gouvernement, Â« La passation de pouvoirs Ã Matignon devrait avoir lieu jeudi matin Â», CommuniquÃ© de presse de la PrÃ©sidence de la RÃ©publique en date du 18 juin 2007, SecrÃ©taire d'Ãtat chargÃ© des Transports, SecrÃ©taire d'Ãtat chargÃ© des Affaires europÃ©ennes, Immigration, IntÃ©gration, IdentitÃ© nationale, SecrÃ©taire d'Ãtat chargÃ© des Relations avec le Parlement, Haut commissaire aux SolidaritÃ©s actives contre la pauvretÃ©, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gouvernement_FranÃ§ois_Fillon_(1)&oldid=175969254, Portail:Politique franÃ§aise/Articles liÃ©s, Portail:CinquiÃ¨me RÃ©publique/Articles liÃ©s, Portail:Ãpoque contemporaine/Articles liÃ©s, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mÃªmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, SecrÃ©taire d'Ãtat chargÃ© de la Prospective et de l'Ãvaluation des politiques publiques, Ministre d'Ãtat, ministre de l'Ãcologie, du DÃ©veloppement et de l'AmÃ©nagement durables, La crÃ©ation d'un ministÃ¨re associant la question de l'immigration et de l'identitÃ© nationale, trÃ¨s dÃ©criÃ©e pendant la. Il a donc été président jusqu'en 2012. [note 3], On 7 February, Sarkozy decided in favour of a projected second, non-nuclear, aircraft carrier for the national Navy (adding to the nuclear Charles de Gaulle), during an official visit in Toulon with Defence Minister Michèle Alliot-Marie. Nom. Après la nomination de François Fillon comme premier ministre jeudi, le premier gouvernement de l'ère Sarkozy avec 15 ministres et 4 secrétaires d'Etat a été dévoilé ce matin. He also wanted to reform the current French system for foreign students, saying that it enabled foreign students to take open-ended curricula in order to obtain residency in France; instead, he wanted to select the best students to the best curricula in France. , Investigative website Mediapart subsequently published several documents appearing to prove a payment of €50 million, and also published a claim by Ziad Takieddine that he had personally handed three briefcases stuffed with cash to Sarkozy. Le 10 mai 2012, à la suite de la défaite électorale du président Nicolas Sarkozy lors de l'élection présidentielle de 2012, François Fillon a présenté la démission du Gouvernement .Le Président de la République a donc mis fin à ses fonctions de Premier ministre (Constitution française du 4 octobre 1958, art. , In February 2007, Sarkozy appeared on a televised debate on TF1 where he expressed his support for affirmative action and the freedom to work overtime. Le gouvernement regroupe tous les ministres et secrétaires d'État, et est dirigé par le Premier ministre. Christine Lagarde : Ministre de l'agriculture et de la pêche. Michèle Alliot-Marie. Roselyne Bachelot , 60 ans, a été nommée ministre de la Santé, Jeunesse et Sports.  In its edition of 9 August 2007, Paris Match retouched a photo of Sarkozy in order to erase a love handle.  Following Chirac's 14 July keynote speech on road safety, Sarkozy as interior minister pushed through new legislation leading to the mass purchase of speed cameras and a campaign to increase the awareness of dangers on the roads. " He added: "We must never again turn our disagreements into a crisis." This westernization of Hungarian names is frequent, particularly for people with an aristocratic name. , After passing the bar, Sarkozy became a lawyer specializing in business and family law and was one of Silvio Berlusconi's French lawyers..  In the meantime, he was said to have had an affair with a journalist of Le Figaro, Anne Fulda. President of the General Council of Hauts-de-Seine: 2004–2007 (resignation, became President of the French Republic in 2007). Le gouvernement nommé le 18 mai 2007 comporte quinze ministres, quatre secrétaires d'État et un haut-commissaire .. Ouverture au centre et à gauche. He also promised them French military assistance. In addition to Kouchner, three more Sarkozy ministers are from the left, including Éric Besson, who served as Ségolène Royal's economic adviser at the beginning of her campaign. In October 2008, Sarkozy became the first French President to address the National Assembly of Quebec.  The French media have pointed out that Carla Bruni frequently wears flats when in public with him. , On 30 July 2010, Sarkozy suggested a new policy of security, and he proposed "stripping foreign-born French citizens who opted to acquire their nationality at their majority of their citizenship if they are convicted of threatening the life of a police officer or other serious crimes".  The court eventually imposed a symbolic €30 suspended fine, which has generally been interpreted as a defeat for the prosecution side. They would allow the president to address parliament in-session, and parliament, to set its own agenda. , On 23 November 2020, the trial of Nicolas Sarkozy started who is accused of corruption and influence peddling, for an attempted bribery of a judge. Despite his opposition to same-sex marriage, he advocated civil unions and the possibility for same-sex partners to inherit under the same regime as married couples. The two accusations carry sentences of up to 10 years in prison. When the party leader Philippe Séguin resigned, in 1999, he took the leadership of the Neo-Gaullist party. In early 2006, the French parliament adopted a controversial bill known as DADVSI, which reforms French copyright law. Alain Juppé devient ministre des Affaires étrangères, Longuet ministre de la Défense et Claude Guéant quitte le secrétariat général de l'Elysée pour le ministère de l'Intérieur et de l'Immigration. Il sera à l'Intérieur, chargé des législatives. During his second term at the Ministry of the Interior, Sarkozy was initially more discreet about his ministerial activities: instead of focusing on his own topic of law and order, many of his declarations addressed wider issues, since he was expressing his opinions as head of the UMP party. On 17 March 2011, at the behest of France, resolution 1973 was adopted by the Security Council of the United Nations, permitting the creation of a "no fly" zone over Libya, and for the undertaking of "necessary measures" for the protection of the country's civilian population. During Jacques Chirac's second presidential term he served as Minister of the Interior and as Minister of Finances. He was re-elected on 13 March 2005 to the National Assembly. Being defeated at the Republican presidential primary in 2016, he retired from public life. Sarkozy's ascent was marked by the division of UMP between sarkozystes, such as Sarkozy's "first lieutenant", Brice Hortefeux, and Chirac loyalists, such as Jean-Louis Debré. Le gouvernement nommÃ© le 18 mai 2007 comporte quinze ministres, quatre secrÃ©taires d'Ãtat et un haut-commissaire. I will restore the value of work, authority, merit and respect for the nation.". The president retorted immediately: "Get lost, then." Of the 327,000 UMP members who could vote, 69 percent participated in the online ballot. The first round of the presidential election was held on 22 April 2007.  On 3 July 2012, French police raided Sarkozy's residence and office as part of a probe into claims that Sarkozy was involved in illegal political campaign financing. In his speech he spoke out against Quebec separatism, but recognized Quebec as a nation within Canada. , On 14 January 2007, Sarkozy was chosen by the UMP to be its candidate in the 2007 presidential election. This was confirmed on 2 June 2005, when the members of the government were officially announced. , Sarkozy was one of ten candidates who qualified for the first round of voting. Un article de WikipÃ©dia, l'encyclopÃ©die libre.  They were married in the Saint-François-de-Sales church, 17th arrondissement of Paris, on 8 February 1950, and divorced in 1959. Martin Hirsch, haut-commissaire aux Solidarités actives contre la pauvreté, depuis le le 19 juin 2007) et haut-commissaire à la Jeunesse (depuis le 12 janvier 2009) 1.2. , On 21 March, President Jacques Chirac announced his support for Sarkozy. Alvarez-Montalvo, Marta (9 July 2004): "¿Quién teme a Nicolas Sarkozy?  He completed his military service as a part-time Air Force cleaner. , On 21 July 2008, the French parliament passed constitutional reforms which Sarkozy had made one of the key pledges of his presidential campaign.  Sarkozy divorced Culioli in 1996, after they had been separated for several years. Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics. He has claimed that these reforms strengthen parliament, while some opposition socialist lawmakers have described it as a "consolidation of a monocracy".  They married on 2 February 2008 at the Élysée Palace in Paris. Christine Albanel : Ministre de la culture et de la communication, porte-parole du Gouvernement Anne-Sylvaine Chassany and Camilla Hall (March 28, 2013). , In 2010, a study of Yale and Columbia universities ranked France the most respectful country of the G20 concerning the environment.  The controversial remarks were widely condemned by Africans, with some viewing them as racist. Sarkozy supported the foundation in May 2003 of the private non-profit Conseil français du culte musulman ("French Council of the Muslim Faith"), an organisation meant to be representative of French Muslims.  Some compared Nicolas Sarkozy to Napoléon Bonaparte and Louis XIV. The Socialist Party (PS) and the Communist Party (PCF) criticised a "state affair" and a "barter" with a "Rogue state". Minister of State, minister of Economy, Finance and Industry: March–November 2004 (resignation). The new database would be interconnected with the Schengen Information System (SIS) as well as with a national database of wanted persons (FPR). He invited his successor to attend his last 8 May Victory in Europe Day commemoration in office. Ce dernier le charge de recrÃ©er un gouvernement dont il sera Ã la tÃªte. Sarkozy has sought to ease the sometimes tense relationships between the general French population and the Muslim community. Outre Jean-Louis Borloo, la secrétaire d'État aux Sports Rama Yade, la secrétaire d'État à la Politique de la Ville Fadela Amara, le ministre du Travail Éric Woerth et le ministre de la Défense Hervé Morin sont les principaux partants du gouvernement. On 10 March 2011, Nicolas Sarkozy welcomed to the Elysee Palace, three emissaries from the Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC), brought to him by Bernard-Henri Levy who mediated at the meeting. , Sarkozy was nicknamed as Hyper-president or hyperpresident by some French media after his 2007 election as president. "Ah no, don't touch me! In Hungarian the given name comes last rather than first. , On 3 April 2009, at the NATO Summit in Strasbourg, Sarkozy announced that France would offer asylum to a former Guantanamo captive. Hervé Morin, 45 ans, ministre de la Défense. Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa (/sɑːrˈkoʊzi/; French: [nikɔla pɔl stefan saʁkɔzi də naʒi bɔksa] (listen); born 28 January 1955) is a retired French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012. Les quatre secrÃ©taires d'Ãtat et le haut-commissaire sont des hommes. , Sarkozy is generally disliked by the left and has been criticised by some on the right, most vocally by moderate Gaullist supporters of Jacques Chirac and Dominique de Villepin. Le gouvernement nommé le 18 mai 2007 comporte quinze ministres, quatre secrétaires d'État et un haut-commissaire .. Ouverture au centre et à gauche. The French aristocratic particle "de" is also used instead of the Hungarian aristocratic ending "-i".  A trial on this case is scheduled for spring 2021. Later, groups such as the Odebi League and EUCD.info alleged that Sarkozy personally and unofficially supported certain amendments to the law, which enacted strong penalties against designers of peer-to-peer systems. I'd be inclined to think that one is born a paedophile, and it is actually a problem that we do not know how to cure this disease"; he claimed that suicides among youth were linked to genetic predispositions by stating, "I don't want to give parents a complex. However, the civil unrest in autumn 2005 put law enforcement in the spotlight again. , In January 2018, British police arrested Alexandre Djouhri on a European Arrest Warrant. He has been charged with corruption by French prosecutors in two cases, notably concerning the alleged Libyan interference in the 2007 French elections.  Djouhri was an associate of Sarkozy and had refused to respond to a French judicial summons for questioning over allegations he had helped launder Libyan funds on behalf of Sarkozy. Sarkozy enrolled at the Université Paris X Nanterre, where he graduated with an M.A.  The communist-leaning magazine L'Humanité accused Sarkozy of populism. According to Sarkozy, his staunchly Gaullist grandfather was more of an influence on him than his father, whom he rarely saw. In July, the UMP majority, seconded by the Nouveau Centre, ratified one of Sarkozy's electoral promises, which was to partially revoke the inheritance tax. , Sarkozy wielded special international power when France held the rotating EU Council Presidency from July 2008 through December 2008. Christine Boutin , 63 ans, ministre du Logement et de la Ville. They would introduce a two-term limit for the presidency, and end the president's right of collective pardon.  They have one son, Louis, born 23 April 1997. Note: Within parentheses, the year when inducted into the Order, First term as Minister of the Interior: 2002–2004, Second term as Minister of the Interior: 2005–2007, "Sarkozy" is the westernized, or internationalized, version of his Hungarian name. (As required by the constitution, he had to resign as a deputy when he became minister in 2002.)  It is believed to be the first time a former French president has been held in police custody, although his predecessor, Jacques Chirac, was found guilty of embezzlement and breach of trust while he was mayor of Paris and given a suspended prison sentence in 2011.  "What made me who I am now is the sum of all the humiliations suffered during childhood", he said later.. He won the 2007 French presidential election by a 53.1% to 46.9% margin against Socialist Ségolène Royal. His ministerial responsibilities included law enforcement and working to co-ordinate relationships between the national and local governments, as well as Minister of Worship: in this role he created the French Council of the Muslim Faith (CFCM). Il n'y a eu aucun remaniement depuis ; c'est toujours la composition de l'actuel gouvernement.  The ministers were reorganised, with the controversial creation of a 'Ministry of Immigration, Integration, National Identity and Co-Development'—given to his right-hand man Brice Hortefeux—and of a 'Ministry of Budget, Public Accounts and Civil Administration'—handed out to Éric Wœrth, supposed to prepare the replacement of only a third of all civil servants who retire. His last day as President of the French Republic was 15 May. Fillon compose son cabinet et nomme l'ancien prÃ©fet de VendÃ©e et ancien directeur de cabinet aux Affaires sociales, Jean-Paul FaugÃ¨re, comme directeur de cabinet Ã Matignon. Durant la campagne présidentielle, elle a représenté l’ersatz d’opposition à Nicolas Sarkozy au sein de l’UMP. Henri de Raincourt, m… He served from 1983 to 2002. He also has said that, in his early years, he felt inferior in relation to his wealthier and taller classmates. Sarkozy was made Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour) by President Chirac in February 2005. Ministre des Affaires étrangères. General secretary of the Rally for the Republic: 1998–1999.  The degree to which this reflected libéralisme (a hands-off approach to running the economy) or more traditional French state dirigisme (intervention) is controversial. Sarkozy's political career began when he was 23, when he became a city councillor in Neuilly-sur-Seine. Il a rappelÃ© son attachement au suffrage universel et a annoncÃ© que tous les membres de son gouvernement sont candidats aux lÃ©gislatives : Â« Quand on est battu, Ã§a veut dire qu'on n'a pas le soutien du peuple et qu'on ne peut pas rester au gouvernement (...) Ma place sera celle de l'animateur de la majoritÃ© et du projet politique du gouvernement. El ministro de economía francés se postula como próximo candidato a las presidenciales de 2007", in, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 22:00. ", On 27 July 2007, Sarkozy delivered a speech in Dakar, Senegal, written by Henri Guaino, in which he claimed that "the African has never really entered into history". , The couple have a daughter, Giulia, born on 19 October 2011. D'abord aux côtés de François Bayrou au cours de la campagne présidentielle 2007, Hervé Morin fera partie des ministres « de l'ouverture » invité par Nicolas Sarkozy à le rejoindre au sein de la majorité présidentielle.  A trial on this case, Sarkozy's first, started on 23 November 2020. As mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine, Sarkozy met former fashion model and public relations executive Cécilia Ciganer-Albéniz (great-granddaughter of composer Isaac Albéniz and daughter of a Moldovan father), when he officiated at her wedding to television host Jacques Martin.  On 13 December, the Republicans won the majority of regional office races, another set of national elections. Le gouvernement FranÃ§ois Fillon, premier gouvernement du prÃ©sident Nicolas Sarkozy, a Ã©tÃ© annoncÃ© le vendredi 18 mai 2007 Ã 9 h 40, par Claude GuÃ©ant, secrÃ©taire gÃ©nÃ©ral de l'ÃlysÃ©e. , In October 2009, Sarkozy was accused of nepotism for helping his son, Jean, try to become head of the public body running France's biggest business district EPAD.  The inheritance tax formerly brought eight billion euros into state coffers.. 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Overall, he is considered more pro-American and pro-Israeli than most French politicians. Il s'agit du premier gouvernement du prÃ©sident de la RÃ©publique Nicolas Sarkozy. LâUMP conserve la majoritÃ© absolue Ã lâAssemblÃ©e nationale franÃ§aise. These statements were criticised by some scientists, including geneticist Axel Kahn. L’ancien Premier ministre, ainsi que son ministre de la Défense François Léotard, sont jugés à compter du 19 janvier devant la Cour de Justice de la République. Ministre de l'Economie, des Finances et de l'Industrie (du 29 juin 2011 au 10 mai 2012) François Baroin Ministre de la Défense (du 18 mai 2007 au 13 novembre 2010 ; Nicolas Sarkozy : Ministre de l'Intérieur, de la Sécurité intérieure et des Libertés locales Il rêvait de Matignon. Vincent Glad — 17 juin 2009 à 0h00. Composition. Unlike the Catholic Church in France with their official leaders or Protestants with their umbrella organisations, the French Muslim community had a lack of structure with no group that could legitimately deal with the French government on their behalf. Sarkozy was accused of having provoked the unrest by calling young delinquents from housing projects a "rabble" ("racaille") in Argenteuil near Paris, and controversially suggested cleansing the minority suburbs with a Kärcher. However, after 17 June parliamentary elections, the Cabinet was adjusted to 15 ministers and 16 deputy ministers, totalling 31 officials.  After 15 hours in police custody, Sarkozy was put under official investigation for "active corruption", "misuse of influence" and "obtained through a breach of professional secrecy" on 2 July 2014. Nicolas Sarkozy a été élu président de la République en 2007, pour un mandat de 5 ans. Le chef de l'État rétorque sans détour: «Casse-toi, alors.» «Tu me salis», embraye l'homme. , On 1 July 2014 Sarkozy was detained for questioning by police over claims he had promised a prestigious role in Monaco to a high-ranking judge, Gilbert Azibert, in exchange for information about the investigation into alleged illegal campaign funding. Minister of State, minister of Interior and Land Planning: 2005–2007 (resignation). Un tiers des ministres de ce gouvernement sont cependant d'anciens membres du gouvernement de Dominique de Villepin et deux tiers sont d'anciens membres des gouvernements du second mandat de Jacques Chirac. Sarkozy's UMP majority prepared a budget that reduced taxes, in particular for upper middle-class people, allegedly in an effort to boost GDP growth, but did not reduce state expenditures. They would give parliament a veto over some presidential appointments, while ending government control over parliament's committee system.  However, Sarkozy has also been named as the third worst-dressed person in the world by GQ, a listing that has been disputed. La part de femmes membres du gouvernement est d'environ 33 %.  Mr Azibert and Sarkozy's lawyer, Thierry Herzog, are also now under official investigation.  It was the first time a French president has publicly had a child while in office.. "[note 4], A precise translation into English has many possible variations. (This story was corroborated by some trade union officials.) Perhaps." Les dates indiquées sont les dates de prise ou de cessation des fonctions, qui sont en général la veille de la date de publication du décret de nomination au Journal officiel.. Nicolas Sarkozy a, durant sa campagne, annoncÃ© sa volontÃ© d'inscrire son gouvernement dans une dÃ©marche d' Â« ouverture Â» vers d'autres partis, notamment ceux du centre ou de la gauche. The trial was postponed until November 26, following a request from one of his co-defendants for health reasons. , "Sarkozy" redirects here. , Sarkozy lost a suit against a manufacturer of Sarkozy voodoo dolls, in which he claimed that he had a right to his own image. , Sarkozy and Cécilia ultimately divorced on 15 October 2007, soon after his election as president. In 1988, she left her husband for Sarkozy, and divorced one year later. He received an estimated 48.38% compared to Hollande's 51.62%.. Benoit Van Overstraeten and Maya Nikolaeva (27 February 2020). , On 5 January 2009, Sarkozy called for a ceasefire plan for the Gaza Strip Conflict. Le sourire se crispe. L’ancien ministre la Défense et de l’Intérieur rend responsable la France de Nicolas Sarkozy du désordre en Libye et des conséquences sur l’immigration en Europe. Le 18 juin 2007, conformÃ©ment Ã la tradition rÃ©publicaine des lendemains d'Ã©lections lÃ©gislatives, le premier ministre FranÃ§ois Fillon remet au prÃ©sident de la RÃ©publique Nicolas Sarkozy la dÃ©mission de son gouvernement.  On 6 December 2008, Nicolas Sarkozy, as part of France's then presidency of the Council of the EU, met the Dalai Lama in Poland and outraged China, which has announced that it would postpone the China-EU summit indefinitely. Reelected in 1989, 1995, and 2001. 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